|Home » Journal papers » Volume 5, Number 1, 2018 » Chornii, A.|
|2018-Jun-28, 8.15.43 AM|
Abstract. The article deals with the ways of defining and explaining the meaning of the notion “neutrality” and the practical ways of its realization in the context of the process of mediation. Psycholinguistics interprets mediative discourse as the deployment of switching from internal code to external verbalization in the processes of producing speech and its interpretation taking into consideration socio-psychological types of linguistic individuals, role settings and recommendations. The conceptual meaning of the word “neutrality” has been succeeded in directing into the communicative plane and the schemes of communicative strategies has been succeeded into the realization of the principle “neutrality” by means of general scientific methods. The principle “neutrality” is the fundamental principle of the process of mediation putting not only into determinant criteria of realisation of the process but as a determinative element of mediator’s status. A number of communicative techniques (technique of neglect, technique of neutral questions, and technique of similar questions) as the principle tools of observance of principle of neutrality have been distinguished and analyzed on the basis of English speaking fiction. Peculiar attention is focused on the motives of tactics introduction (tactic of optimal speech counter-reaction, tactic of reflexion) into the process of mediative dialogue in the form of conversation by means of the parties and individual meeting with each one separately (in a form of caucus). The principle of “neutrality” is a pluralistic one and is examined either a synonymic pair of the term “impartiality” or the term “justice”. These notions are similar in meaning but the tactics of their realization are different within limits of linguistics. Based on the English speaking fiction it has been distinguished not only the communicative mediator’s techniques using of which will serve the observance of principle of “neutrality” but it has been analyzed the tendencies and conditions of their application. Significant aspects within fiction, in particular, are the possibility of transferring the role of mediator to another participant of the dialogue, and during the mediation in general it is possible to say about the combinatorial type of applying techniques.
Keywords: the principle of neutrality, mediation, tactic of reflexion, tactic of optimal speech counter-reaction, technique of similar questions, technique of neutral questions, technique of neglect.
|Category: Chornii, A. ||
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