East European Journal of Psycholinguistics               ISSN 2313-2116 
Home » Journal papers » Volume 5, Number 2, 2018 » Sharma, B. D.

Vowel Phonemes in Hindi
2018-Dec-25, 8.36.12 PM

Abstract. Hindi belongs to the Indo-European family of languages. As the first language of its users, it is the fourth largest language in the world. During the British colonial rule it was known as Hindustani. Like any other language it also has several dialects. The standard variety of Hindi, popularly known as Khari Boli or Kauravi is used by educated speakers between Delhi and Meerut. An analysis of the present day Hindi, as spoken in the northern part of India, brings to light the fact that this language has at least twenty vowel phonemes, and not simply thirteen. Twelve of these twenty vowel phonemes are oral while eight of them are nasalized. Eighteen of them are pure vowels (monophthongs) while two of them are diphthongs. Two of the thirteen vowels included in the current list of alphabets have given place to two consonants with the result that they have ceased to exist. Most of these vowel phonemes occur in all the three positions, namely initial, medial and final, in the Hindi words.

Keywords: consonants, diphthongs, Hindi, meaning, monophthongs, vowel phonemes.

Category: Sharma, B. D. | Added by: eejpl
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